Speech Impairments (Communication Disorders)

Speech disorders are difficulties producing speech sounds or problems with voice quality. They might be
characterized by an interruption in the flow or rhythm of speech, such as stuttering, which is called
dysfluency. Speech disorders may be problems with the way sounds are formed, called articulation or
phonological disorders, or they may be difficulties with the pitch, volume or quality of the voice. There
may be a combination of several problems. People with speech disorders have trouble using some speech
sounds, which can also be a symptom of a delay. They may say «see» when they mean «ski» or they may
have trouble using other sounds like «l» or «r.» Listeners may have trouble understanding what someone
with a speech disorder is trying to say. People with voice disorders may have trouble with the way their
voices sound.
A language disorder is an impairment in the ability to understand and/or use words in context, both
verbally and nonverbally. Some characteristics of language disorders include improper use of words and
their meanings, inability to express ideas, inappropriate grammatical patterns, reduced vocabulary and
inability to follow directions. One or a combination of these characteristics may occur in children who are
affected by language learning disabilities or developmental language delay. Children may hear or see a
word but not be able to understand its meaning. They may have trouble getting others to understand what
they are trying to communicate.http://www.catherineshafer.com/speech.html



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